Home Page
   Articles
       links
About Us    
Traders        
Recipes            
Latest Articles
withies
Page 1, 2  Next
 
Post new topic   Reply to topic    Downsizer Forum Index -> Make Your Own/DIY
Author 
 Message
dpack



Joined: 02 Jul 2005
Posts: 33823
Location: yes
PostPosted: Thu Apr 12, 18 12:34 pm    Post subject: withies  Reply with quote    

are very useful:
they can be used instead of cordage or ties.
they can be used instead or wire, cable ties and straps ( don't snigger nastily at the back )
they grow on trees and are often available where you need them
they can be made with no tools (although it can make it quicker and tidier to use a club and a blade )
they are biodegradeable and by cunning choice of materials can have a built in lifespan
they can be reuseable ( google strapping faggots in medieval london , now stop sniggering:lol: )

if you practice they can look very tidy but once you understand a few basic twists and securement styles even a beginner can use them effectively.

hoorah for the paleolithic.

Slim



Joined: 05 Mar 2006
Posts: 5210
Location: New England (In the US of A)
PostPosted: Thu Apr 12, 18 1:43 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote    

Well googling that has led me to guess how red osier dogwood got its name.

S'pose withie comes from the same root as whip?

Nick



Joined: 02 Nov 2004
Posts: 33821
Location: Hereford
PostPosted: Thu Apr 12, 18 3:07 pm    Post subject: Re: withies Reply with quote    

dpack wrote:

hoorah for the paleolithic.


If dying at 33 is your aim, for sure.

Slim



Joined: 05 Mar 2006
Posts: 5210
Location: New England (In the US of A)
PostPosted: Thu Apr 12, 18 3:18 pm    Post subject: Re: withies Reply with quote    

Nick wrote:
dpack wrote:

hoorah for the paleolithic.


If dying at 33 is your aim, for sure.


Now now, let's not go conflating mean and mode.
https://condensedscience.wordpress.com/2011/06/28/life-expectancy-in-hunter-gatherers-and-other-groups/

Nick



Joined: 02 Nov 2004
Posts: 33821
Location: Hereford
PostPosted: Thu Apr 12, 18 3:21 pm    Post subject: Re: withies Reply with quote    

Slim wrote:
Nick wrote:
dpack wrote:

hoorah for the paleolithic.


If dying at 33 is your aim, for sure.


Now now, let's not go conflating mean and mode.
https://condensedscience.wordpress.com/2011/06/28/life-expectancy-in-hunter-gatherers-and-other-groups/


Feh, there are conflicting reports, but if you've seen the paleo diet, it's very clear they died very early. Boredom, mostly, I suspect.

Slim



Joined: 05 Mar 2006
Posts: 5210
Location: New England (In the US of A)
PostPosted: Thu Apr 12, 18 3:45 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote    

No time to get bored if you spend your whole day gnawing on roots and bark trying to suck out some nourishment!

dpack



Joined: 02 Jul 2005
Posts: 33823
Location: yes
PostPosted: Fri Apr 13, 18 12:18 am    Post subject: Re: withies Reply with quote    

Nick wrote:
dpack wrote:

hoorah for the paleolithic.


If dying at 33 is your aim, for sure.


but they did have some ace "grows on trees" stuff

dpack



Joined: 02 Jul 2005
Posts: 33823
Location: yes
PostPosted: Fri Apr 13, 18 12:32 am    Post subject: Reply with quote    

Slim wrote:
Well googling that has led me to guess how red osier dogwood got its name.

S'pose withie comes from the same root as whip?


it seems likely

re the faggot ties recycling schemes work even if the product does grow on trees. the supply of suitable fresh withies was less than the bundle numbers sent to customers so there was a small but important refund for used withies returned back to the fire wood merchants.

Mistress Rose



Joined: 21 Jul 2011
Posts: 9718

PostPosted: Fri Apr 13, 18 6:12 am    Post subject: Reply with quote    

I am not sure about that Dpack. There are always some thin stems that can be used as withies, so there would probably be enough. If you are talking of hazel, which is the one I know most about, it was also used for barrel hoops, mainly for barrels for dry goods so that they could easily be taken apart when empty and sent back as flat packs. Those hoops could be easily untied and reused I think.

The main confusion with lifespan is that it is often quoted as 'average' life expectancy. If there is a lot of infant mortality, then the 'average' is brought down considerably. If you look at lifespan if someone gets past that, it will be a lot longer.

NorthernMonkeyGirl



Joined: 10 Apr 2011
Posts: 4341
Location: Peeping over your shoulder
PostPosted: Fri Apr 13, 18 9:07 am    Post subject: Reply with quote    

Well nobody wants single use for their non-googleable items.

Is there an idiots guide to withies?

dpack



Joined: 02 Jul 2005
Posts: 33823
Location: yes
PostPosted: Fri Apr 13, 18 10:04 am    Post subject: Reply with quote    

Mistress Rose wrote:
I am not sure about that Dpack. There are always some thin stems that can be used as withies, so there would probably be enough. If you are talking of hazel, which is the one I know most about, it was also used for barrel hoops, mainly for barrels for dry goods so that they could easily be taken apart when empty and sent back as flat packs. Those hoops could be easily untied and reused I think.

The main confusion with lifespan is that it is often quoted as 'average' life expectancy. If there is a lot of infant mortality, then the 'average' is brought down considerably. If you look at lifespan if someone gets past that, it will be a lot longer.


iirc pre coal cities had similar issues to modern population concentrations with no cash for fossil or electric energy in that they rely on wood and charcoal for cooking and heating, ie a circle of very cut trees surrounds the city and extends to the range of economically viable transport. as time passes there is a tendancy for a very tight supply chain to develop. pollarding and coppicing become established practice in a stable situation but decent quality sizes are a premium product . long, strong withies for 100lb or bigger bundles of twigs are in short supply from the local "catchment" compared to the daily number of bundles required for the bread ovens and hearths of a city.

the the flat pack barrel thing is another example of how useful twisted twigs can be and that multi use packaging is an old idea

dpack



Joined: 02 Jul 2005
Posts: 33823
Location: yes
PostPosted: Fri Apr 13, 18 10:23 am    Post subject: Reply with quote    

ps as such long strong withies are also a premium product for all manner of lashings which makes single use/burned with the faggot less sensible( a bit like used baling twine holds the countryside together)

for a rough guide "industrial" sized bundles were about as big as a bloke can cuddle so twice round for tightening and enough ends for a decent "knot" requires a withy at least 10 ft long and 12 would be better, ie a twig of 15 ft or more pre twisting

making withies that long is quite a challenge and needs rather special materials.

i agree there would be no shortage of small sizes but the big ones were treated a bit like lpg cylinders in that the packaging is a considerable part of the value of a delivery and returning the used ones is required.

Slim



Joined: 05 Mar 2006
Posts: 5210
Location: New England (In the US of A)
PostPosted: Fri Apr 13, 18 10:41 am    Post subject: Reply with quote    

NorthernMonkeyGirl wrote:
Well nobody wants single use for their non-googleable items.

Is there an idiots guide to withies?


I want a youtube video of dpack withying about with a faggot to show proper usage

dpack



Joined: 02 Jul 2005
Posts: 33823
Location: yes
PostPosted: Fri Apr 13, 18 11:15 am    Post subject: Reply with quote    



choice of wording could make for a very high viewing score.

" the techniques of medieval faggot bondage" seems like a fair working title

im not sure how the youtube mods would cope but

regarding how to guides i cant think of a specific reference but ray mears has covered the subject a few times and iirc lofty's survival guide has some good how to tie stuff with twigs and roots.

the basics are twist and crush a suitable stem until the fibres separate and then twist them into a strong flexible string or rope.
the knots are simple and mostly of the returning bight sort with a tucked in end.
play and practice is a good tutor
boiling (sometimes in lye) can used to increase flexibility when wet and warm and to make em last longer for tying hurdles,boats etc etc .

Mistress Rose



Joined: 21 Jul 2011
Posts: 9718

PostPosted: Sat Apr 14, 18 6:35 am    Post subject: Reply with quote    

Most faggots were about 18" diameter I think Dpack. You might be right about reuse of withies, but my experience is that a 12' thin rod isn't too unusual. You will find them in most hazel stools that have been a bit overstood, as they would be for firewood, and also they tend to go brittle after a couple of uses.

An interesting aside is that areas that were used for industrial purposes like the Weald for iron works in the 17th century before coke became the fuel for smelting, areas of hornbeam round London and some woodland in Scotland were said to be at risk from the very industries that were using the wood as coppice material in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, but they are the very woods that are still with us. ' A wood that pays is a wood that stays'.

There is an unsubstantiated reference that timber from our wood was used in the Commonwealth navy in the 17th century btw, and I know that faggots from it were used to power a local bread oven into the 1940s.

Post new topic   Reply to topic    Downsizer Forum Index -> Make Your Own/DIY All times are GMT
Page 1, 2  Next
Page 1 of 2
View Latest Posts View Latest Posts

 

Archive
Powered by php-BB © 2001, 2005 php-BB Group
Style by marsjupiter.com, released under GNU (GNU/GPL) license.
Copyright 2004 marsjupiter.com